Transportation in Ukiyo-e – Cars, Ships and Railways

2022, October 1st-26th

Will be closed on October 3, 11, 17, 24.

Opening Hours : 10:30 a.m. – 5:30 p.m. (Last Admission: 5:00 p.m.)
Admission : Adult ¥800 / University and High school students ¥600 / Junior High School Students and below

FLYER

Discover the Transportation in the Edo Period through Ukiyo-e

Transportation is an essential part of our daily lives. In the Edo period, there were various transport systems by manpower, horses, and boats. Edo was a city of water, surrounded by Edo Bay and Sumida River, with many waterways running horizontally and vertically. Boats were an essential means of transportation for the people of Edo and shipping business between Edo and other cities flourished. On land, highways such as the Tokaido Road were developed for business transportation and became popular among the common people as a route for traveling long-distance. The various use of transportation is vividly depicted by ukiyo-e artists such as Utagawa Hiroshige and Katsushika Hokusai.

This year also commemorates the 150th anniversary of the introduction of railroads. Ukiyo-e in the Meiji era (1868-1912) actively depicted steam locomotives and railroads, which were new encounters to the people. The railroad system along with horse-drawn carriages, rickshaws and other new forms of transportations were symbols of civilization.

While transportation logistics using the internet has developed in recent years due to COVID-19, this exhibition focuses on the various means of transportation in the Edo period, as a driving force of modernization.

Utagawa Hiroshige “One Hundred Famous Views of Edo: Kyōbashi Bridge and Bamboo Yards”
Katsushika Hokusai “Thirty-six Views of Mt. Fuji: Senju in Musashi Province”

The Reality of the Lives in Edo uncovered through Transportion

Let’s take a look at Edo depicted by artists such as Utagawa Hiroshige and Katsushika Hokusai from the perspective of transport. On one hand, ukiyo-e depicts various figures who are “transporting” something of their own. We notice people serving food at restaurants, selling goods on the street, and carrying luggage on a trip. On the other hand, ukiyo-e also depicts a wide range of vehicles as means of transportation. Ferry boats for crossing rivers and ships used as taxis to visit pleasure quarters took advantage of the topography of Edo with many waterfront areas. People and horses carried luggage for travelers in relays between inns, and couriers delivered documents from Edo to Osaka in only a few days. In a time when there were no cars or trains, there was a more extensive transportation system.

By paying close attention to the various forms of transportation in ukiyo-e, we can understand how the people of Edo lived.

Utagawa Kunisada (Toyokuni Ⅲ) Utagawa Hiroshige “Fifty-three Stations of the Tōkaidō Road depicted by Hiroshige and Toyokuni Ⅲ: Fuchū, Fording the Abekawa River”
Tsukioka Yoshitoshi “Thirty-two Aspects of Women: Looking Weighed-down, the Appearance of a Waitress at Fukagawa in the Tempo Era (1830-1844)”
Suzuki Harunobu “Flowers of Beauty: Girl as Beautiful as the Actor Rokō”
Utagawa Hiroshige “Fifty-three Stations of the Tōkaidō Road: Morning view of Nihonbashi”
Utagawa Hiroshige “Fifty-three Stations of the Tōkaidō Road: Kawasaki”

150th Anniversary of the Birth of the Railroads- Various Vehicles in Ukiyo-e are on Display

In October 1872, the railroad connecting Shimbashi and Yokohama opened. October 2022 marks the 150th anniversary. Since about two years before the actual inauguration of the railroad system, ukiyo-e artists started to actively depict steam locomotives and railroads with imagination. The large number of ukiyo-e published reveals the enthusiasm for the new infrastructure. This exhibition features not only the railroad system, but also the wide variety of transportation in ukiyo-e such as horse-drawn carriages, rickshaws, boats, balloons, and other vehicles.

Utagawa Yoshitora “View of America”
Shōsai Ikkei “Steam Locomotive at Takanawa”
Kobayashi Kiyochika “View of Takanawa Ushimachi under Hazy Moon”
Admission
Adult 800 yen
University and High school students600 yen
Junior High School Students and below Free
Calendar

closed

2022 10

休館日

3,11,17,24,27-31

2022 / 10

3,11,17,24,27-31

SUN MON TUE WED THU FRI SAT

Animals in Ukiyo-e

2022, July 30th-September 25th

1st Term July 30th-August 28th
2nd Term September 2nd-25th

Will be closed on August 1, 8, 15, 22, 29-31, September 1, 5, 12, 20.

Opening Hours : 10:30 a.m. – 5:30 p.m. (Last Admission: 5:00 p.m.)
Admission : Adult ¥1200 / University and High school students ¥800 / Junior High School Students and below

FLYER
LIST

Cute! Funny! A Little Weird? -Enjoy the Rich Variety of Expressions of Animals!

Various animals appear in ukiyo-e. In addition to pets such as cats and dogs, and domestic animals such as horses and cows, those believed to be good omens, such as cranes and turtles, imported from overseas, such as elephants and leopards, and even catfish, based on the superstition that catfish cause earthquakes, are depicted in ukiyo-e.   
Moreover, ukiyo-e artists used their imagination to create anthropomorphic creatures that do not exist in this world, such as Torakoishi.   
Ukiyo-e is indeed a treasure trove of animal representations. This exhibition introduces approximately 160 works, offering visitors the opportunity to enjoy the rich variety of animals in ukiyo-e. This summer, how about visiting the museum and enjoying the cute and a little bit strange ukiyo-e animals?

Tsukioka Yoshitoshi “Thirty-two Aspects of Women: Looking Troublesome, Mannerisms of a Girl of the Kansei Period” (2nd term)

Utagawa Yoshitoyo “Great Elephant Imported from Malacca” (1st term)

Ukiyo-e Reveals the Deep Relationship Between the People of Edo and Animals

Ukiyo-e portrays people doting on their pets as we do today. On the other hand, ukiyo-e also shows us aspects of the lives of people and animals that are no longer seen today, such as a dog snatching fish from a fishmonger, and a traveler on a horse. Ukiyo-e also depicts various scenes of everyday life, such as horned owls, which were drawn because they were thought to prevent smallpox, and dogs that were said to have visited Ise Shrine in place of their owners. Here we would like to introduce the activities of animals that sometimes exceed the imagination of modern people.

Suzuki Harunobu  “Cat and Butterflies” (1st term: 7/30-8/14)
Utagawa Kuniyoshi ” Toys of a Horned Owl and a Horse (the talisman against smallpox)”  (1st term)
Katsushika Hokusai “Chin (Japanese spaniel)” (2nd term)

Legendary Spiritual Beasts and Strange Creatures

Imaginary creatures appear in legends and tales, such as dragons believed to have the spiritual power to bring rain, white elephants believed to be the vehicles of Fugen Bosatsu (Samantabhadra), and haunted foxes and cats, also played an important role in ukiyo-e. But that’s not all. Ukiyo-e also features strange creatures such as Torakoishi, which is a combination of a tiger and a stone, and mysterious creatures that are combinations of all the signs of the Chinese zodiac. Experience the aesthetic sense of the people of Edo, who enjoyed not only pictures of traditional animals, but also delightful works created with the free imagination of the artists.

Utagawa Yoshikazu “Fifty-three Stations of the Tōkaidō Road: Ōiso” (1st term)
Utagawa Yoshitora “Twelve Animal Signs of Oriental Zodiac Gathering to Form One Animal” (2nd term)

Dancing, Working, and Dressing Up – Active Anthropomorphic Animals

Utagawa Yoshifuji “Newly Published Collection of Cats: Peddlers” (2nd term)

Among ukiyo-e depicting animals, the most popular genre is anthropomorphic animals. In this exhibition, you will see rabbits wrestling, cats doing business and studying, birds fighting and having a party, octopuses dancing, and many more. The animals behaving like humans are very charming and humorous, and in addition, they show us things about the lifestyle and customs of the time. Please enjoy their charm.

Utagawa Yoshifuji “Sumō Wrestling of Rabbits” (1st term)

From the Masters to Minor Artists – Animal Pictures by 40 Artists

The highlights of this exhibition include masterpieces by famous ukiyo-e artists, such as “Tiger in the Rain,” a representative work of Hokusai‘s later years, and Hiroshige‘s “One Hundred Famous Views of Edo: Asakusa Ricefields and Torinomachi Festival”, one of the most popular ukiyo-e drawn cats. Moreover, the number of ukiyo-e artists introduced in this exhibition reaches 40. Visitors can enjoy not only famous works, but also the works of unknown animal picture masters such as Utagawa Yoshifuji, who specialized in cute anthropomorphic animals, and Utagawa Yoshikazu, the creator of “Torakoishi”, who displayed an outstanding sense of humor.

Katsushika Hokusai “Tiger in the Rain” (2nd term)
Utagawa Hiroshige “One Hundred Famous Views of Edo: Asakusa Ricefields and Torinomachi Festival” (1st term)

Highlight of the Exhibition

Kikukawa Eizan “Tiger” (1st term)

The tiger has been a familiar animal for Japanese people for a long time, despite the fact that it never inhabited Japan. Although sometimes depicted as a raging figure confronting a dragon, in this work, a very charming tiger appears from behind a bamboo tree with large, gawking eyes, a smiling mouth, and plump paw pads. The vertically long surface of this picture is a combination of two normal size ukiyo-e prints. This format was also called “kakemono-e“, and was sometimes displayed as a hanging scroll with a frame around it. The tigers in this work may have had just the right degree of friendliness for the people of Edo to display in their house for enjoyment.


Admission
Adult 1200 yen
University and High school students 800 yen
Junior High School Students and below Free
Calendar

closed

2022 07

休館日

4,11,19,25-29

2022 / 07

4,11,19,25-29

SUN MON TUE WED THU FRI SAT
2022 08

休館日

1,8,15,22,29-31

2022 / 08

1,8,15,22,29-31

SUN MON TUE WED THU FRI SAT
2022 09

休館日

1,5,12,20,26-30

2022 / 09

1,5,12,20,26-30

SUN MON TUE WED THU FRI SAT

From the Genpei War to the Kamakura Period -Kiyomori, Yoshitsune and Yoritomo

2022, July 1st-24th

Will be closed on July 4, 11, 19.

Opening Hours : 10:30 a.m. – 5:30 p.m. (Last Admission: 5:00 p.m.)
Admission : Adult ¥800 / University and High school students ¥600 / Junior High School Students and below 

FLYER

Tracing the Rise and Fall of Samurai Warriors through Ukiyo-e

The Jishō-Juei Rebellion (1180-85) that at the end of the Heian period known as the “Genpei War” was a monumental battle between the warriors led by Minamoto no Yoritomo and the the Taira clan. Even after Yoritomo had conquered the Taira clan and established the Kamakura shogunate, a period of power struggles continued between Yoritomo’s successors and the influential court nobles, especially the Hōjō clan.   
Stories of the survival wars of samurai families became popularized as military chronicles such as “The Tale of the Heike” and “Azuma Kagami”. They were widely known as subjects of novels and kabuki plays in the Edo period, and were depicted in numerous ukiyo-e works as popular subjects.   
Recently, the time period has been recapturing popular attention, through animation and TV dramas. This exhibition will focus on this time period, to tell the story of the rise and fall of samurai warriors through ukiyo-e.

Utagawa Kuniyoshi “Ushiwakamaru Trains with a Long-Nosed Goblin at Kurama”
Mizuno Toshikata “Snow, Moon and Flowers: Lady Tokiwa and Her Children Wandering in the Snow”

Episodes of Glory and Tragedy that Fascinated People in Edo

The Taira clan established by Taira no Kiyomori, despite its brief era of glory, continued to fall and finally perished at Dannoura. Minamoto no Yoshitsune who destroyed the Taira clan with his genius military strategy, had to die an unwilling death as he provoked his elder brother Yoritomo’s antipathy. Many prominent vassals who supported the early times of the Kamakura shogunate with good faith perished in the struggle for power. The lives of those who lived during such turbulent times were often filled with spectacular victories and tragedies at the same time. These dramatic narratives, such as those of Yoshitsune, were featured in novels, kabuki plays, and ukiyo-e, and captivated the attention of the people during the Edo period.

Mizuno Toshikata  “ Jakkō-in Temple “
Tsukioka Yoshitoshi “Shunkan Seeing off Yasuyori who Returns to the City” 
Utagawa Yoshitora “Female Divers Encountering the Ghosts of the Taira Clan on the Bottom of the Sea at Dannoura”
Utagawa Yoshikazu “Ghosts of the Taira clan Attacking Yoshitsune’s Ship at Daimotsu Bay”
Tsukioka Yoshitoshi “Mirror of Famous Commanders of Great Japan: Heishōkoku Kiyomori” 
Tsukioka Yoshitoshi “Yoshitoshi’s Courageous Warriors: Hatakeyama Shōji Shigetada”
Tsukioka Yoshitoshi “New Forms of Thirty-six Ghosts: Kiyomori Sees Hundreds of Skulls at Fukuhara”

Kuniyoshi, Yoshitoshi and Hiroshige – Heroes Portrayed by Ukiyo-e Artists

Utagawa Kuniyoshi, a leading artist of musha-e, drew many warriors of the Genpei period. He depicted various stories from this time period with a familiar yet powerful style. This fascination was carried on by his pupils, especially Tsukioka Yoshitoshi, who continued to depict the subject with sophisticated style through the Meiji period.  
This section exhibits various works, including the grandeur musha-e and caricatures by Utagawa Hiroshige, the master of landscape pictures, to demonstrate the rich and unique styles of ukiyo-e artists.

Utagawa Kuniyoshi “Sixty-nine Stations of the Kisokaidō Road: Mitake, Akushichibyōe Kagekiyo”
Tsukioka Yoshitoshi “Yoshitoshi’s Courageous Warriors: Minamoto-no Ushiwakamaru Battling with Kumasaka Chōhan”
Utagawa Hiroshige “Collection of Entertaining Warrior Pictures for Children: Genzanmi and Kumagai”
Highlight of the Exhibition

Tsukioka Yoshitoshi “Mirror of Famous Commanders of Great Japan: Commander Minamoto no Yoritomo”

Spreading their wings, a flock of cranes is taking off into the sky. Minamoto no Yoritomo and his attendants look up at them. In August 1187, two years after Yoshitsune and his followers defeated the Taira clan in the Battle of Dannoura, Yoritomo held a Hōjō-e at Tsurugaoka Hachiman-gū Shrine in Kamakura. Hōjō-e is a ceremony that releases captured creatures, based on the Buddhist precept against killing. This picture is thought to depict the legend that a thousand cranes were released at the ceremony.  
Yoritomo seems satisfied as he watches the cranes, the symbol of good fortune, fly away. The scene may imply Yoritomo’s feeling of grand accomplishment when he finally achieved great power, as he defeated his old enemy, the Taira clan.   
Two years later, in 1189, Yoritomo eliminated his younger brother Yoshitsune who had developed a hostile relationship with him and Fujiwara no Yasuhira, who had sheltered Yoshitsune. In 1192, Yoritomo became a Shogun and established a new age of samurai.

Admission
Adult 800 yen
University and High school students 600 yen
Junior High School Students and below Free
Calendar

closed

2022 07

休館日

4,11,19,25-29

2022 / 07

4,11,19,25-29

SUN MON TUE WED THU FRI SAT

Hokusai and His Rivals

2022, April 22nd-June 26th

1st Term April 22nd-May 22nd
2nd Term May 27th-June 26th

Will be closed on April 25, May 2, 9, 16, 23-26, 30, June 6, 13, 20.

Katsushika Hokusai is a worldly famous ukiyo-e artist. He achieved great fame with his landscape pictures, including “Thirty-six views of Mt. Fuji” and works in various other genres. Naturally, however, Hokusai was not the only ukiyo-e artist active during the time. A large number of ukiyo-e artists competed with Hokusai, and influenced each other’s works. This exhibition will not only focus on Hokusai’s works, but put them in conversation with the works by more than 15 artists who were contemporaneous with Hokusai or succeeded him.

Katsushika Hokusai “Thirty-six Views of Mt. Fuji: Great Wave off the Coast of Kanagawa”(2nd term)

Utagawa Hiroshige “Thirty-six Views of Mt. Fuji: Wind-tossed Waves at Shichirigahama in Sagami Province” (2nd term)

Introducing the interactions between Hokusai and his rivals

The numerous exhibitions of Katsushika Hokusai held at various museums, mostly focused on his works exclusively. Utagawa Hiroshige, who also excelled at landscape pictures, is the only other artist whose works have been presented in comparison. This exhibition will not only present works by Utagawa Hiroshige, but also those by many other artists such as Tōshūsai Sharaku, Keisai Eisen, and Utagawa Kuniyoshi, who were active in the same period, to introduce Hokusai’s relationship and interactions with such ukiyo-e artists who worked during his time.

Katsushika Hokusai “Thirty-six Views of Mt. Fujii: Under Mannen-bashi Bridge at Fukagawa” (2nd term)
Utagawa Kuniyoshi “Thirty-six Views of Mt. Fuji Viewed from Edo: View of Mt. Fuji beneath Shin-Ōhashi Bridge” (2nd term)

An extensive exhibition with a wide variety of genres

Hokusai’s rivalry with numerous artists is an indication of how he was active in so many different genres. We will put Hokusai’s late masterpiece, “Thirty-six Views of Mt. Fuji” and a wide range of other works, including pictures of kabuki actors, warriors, landscapes, and beautiful women, in dialogue with works by other artists on display.

Katsushika Hokusai “Kabuki Actor, Ichikawa Komazō Ⅲ” (2nd term)
Tōshūsai Sharaku “Kabuki Actor Segawa Tomisaburō Ⅱas Yadorigi, a Wife of Ōgishi Kurando” (2nd term)
Katsushika Hokusai “Warriors, Kamakura no Gongorō Kagemasa and Torinoumi Yasaburō Yasunori” (1st term)
Utagawa Kuniyoshi “One Hundred and Eight Heroes of the Water Margin: Shutsurinryū Sūen” (1st term)

Discovering works by succeeding artists who learned from Hokusai

Hokusai not only had a huge impact on the works of rivaling artists of his generation but also on the artists of the following generation. His influence extended beyond his direct pupils, to the artists who belonged to different schools. This exhibition introduces works by artists of the generation after Hokusai, who learned through imitating his works.

Utagawa Hirokage “Comical Views of Famous Places in Edo: No. 4, Fishermen at Ochanomizu” (2nd term)
Ochiai Yoshiiku “One Hundred Ghost Stories: Kohada Koheiji” (1st term)

Highlight of the Exhibition

Katsushika Hokusai “Thirty-six Views of Mt. Fuji: Seashore at Nobotoura” (1st term)
Utagawa Hiroshige “Thirty-six Views of Mt. Fuji: Entrance of Enoshima Island in Sagami Province” (1st term)

葛飾北斎「冨嶽三十六景 登戸浦」(前期)
歌川広重「冨士三十六景 相模江之島入口」(前期)

After the death of Katsushika Hokusai, Utagawa Hiroshige published his new series “Thirty-six Views of Mt. Fuji”. Although the location differs, Hokusai and Hiroshige both depicted Mt. Fuji viewed through a torii gate. Hokusai attempted a geometric and eccentric composition while Hiroshige’s composition seems to be depicting the scenery as he saw it. These works which are of the same subject, brings forward the distinct difference of their artistic styles.


Admission
Adult 1000 yen
University and High school students 700 yen
Junior High School Students and below Free
Calendar

Closed

2022 04

休館日

1-21, 25

2022 / 04

1-21, 25

SUN MON TUE WED THU FRI SAT
2022 05

休館日

2, 9, 16, 23-26, 30

2022 / 05

2, 9, 16, 23-26, 30

SUN MON TUE WED THU FRI SAT
2022 06

休館日

6, 13, 20, 27-30

2022 / 06

6, 13, 20, 27-30

SUN MON TUE WED THU FRI SAT